How can we resist giving our dogs scraps and left-overs from our meals when they give us their “big puppy eyes” look? While we may feel less guilty by sharing human food with our fur kids, some of these foods might actually be very harmful to them.
Dogs are direct descendants from wolves, which means that they are carnivores and their digestive system is different from that of humans. A dog’s diet mainly consists of meats, and, unlike a human’s diet, fruits and vegetables do not play an essential role in their diets. If they eat the wrong foods, it might lead to long-term health issues and even death. That is why it is critical to know which human foods dogs can eat in moderation. Read on to find out which fruits are OK to share with your favorite furry companion and which should be avoided at all costs :
Fruits dogs can eat :
Apples are an excellent source fiber, as well as vitamins A and C. They are the perfect snack for dogs since they are low in protein and fat. Just avoid feeding your fur kid the seeds and core since they can become chocking hazards. Apples can also help clean off any residue on your dog’s teeth and contribute to freshening their breath.
Bananas should be given in moderation to your furry companion because of their high sugar content. They should not be part of your fur kid’s main dish. This sweet fruit is a great low-calorie treat for dogs and is sometimes recommended by vets because it is high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fiber, and copper, and is low in cholesterol and sodium. The high-level of fiber in bananas helps in digestion and can contribute to gastro-intestinal problems.
Blueberries are a superfood rich in antioxidants, which contributes to prevent cell damage in humans as well as canines. They’re rich in fiber and phytochemicals, and contain vitamins C and K. These nutrients strengthen the immune system and contribute to overall health, keeping your dog happy and healthy. Blueberries can also be a great alternative to industrial dog treats.
Cantaloupe is packed with nutrients, is low in calories, and is a great source of water and fiber. However, just like bananas, it is high in sugar and so should be given in moderation, especially for dogs who are over-weight or have diabetes. Cantaloupe is also rich in vitamins A, B6, and C, niacin, folate, and potassium.
Your dog can eat raw, cooked or dried cranberries in small quantities. But some dogs might not enjoy this tart treat. In any case, moderation is key here since consuming too many cranberries might upset your fur kid’s stomach. Some benefits of cranberries include improving your dog’s bladder health, reducing tartar and plaque buildup, fighting off bacteria, and help in cancer prevention.
Cucumbers are excellent for over-weight dogs, since they contain little to no carbohydrates, fats, or oils. Cucumbers boost energy levels and promote in building strong bones. You can give your fur kid cucumbers after tiring activities since they are rich in water and thus quickly rehydrate their body. Cucumbers are loaded with vitamins K, C, and B1, as well as potassium, copper, magnesium, and biotin.
This sweet summer fruit is high in fiber and is packed with 4 different vitamins: A, B6, C and E. Mango also contains potassium, beta-carotene and alpha-carotene. Mangos thus constitute a very nutritious, sweet treats that your dog will definitely enjoy, but due to the high sugar level, it should be given in moderation. Also, just like with most fruits, you should remove the hard pit first, since it contains small amounts of cyanide and can become a chocking hazard.
Oranges can be given to your fur kid as a tasty treat, although some dogs may not like the strong citrus smell. Oranges are an excellent source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. Just avoid giving your dog the peel and the seeds, since they are rough on your fur kid’s digestive system. Oranges are beneficial for the immune system.
Small quantities of cut-up fresh or frozen peaches are an excellent soucre of firber and vitamin A. Peaches can even help fight infections, but you should avoid the pit since it contains cyanide. Peaches can be a great summer treat.
Pears are high in copper, vitamins C and K, and fiber. It is believed that eating the fruit can reduce the risk of having a stroke by 50 percent. As with most fruits, make sure to cut pears into small pieces and remove the pit an seeds before giving them as a treat to your fur kid.
One of the sweetest fruits on earth, the fleshy part of the pineapple is a great treat for your dog. This tropical fruit is rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. It also contains bromelain, which is an enzyme that facilitates protein absorption in dogs.
Raspberries can be a great dog treat in small quantities. They contain antioxidants, are high in fiber, manganese, and vitamin C. Raspberries are also low in sugar and calories. These fruits are excellent for senior dogs because they contain anti-inflammatory properties, which help in relieving aging joints. However, your dog should consume raspberries in moderation since they contain small amounts of xylitol, which can be also found chewing gum and human tooth paste and is extremely toxic to dogs.
Strawberries are full of fiber and vitamin C. They also contain an enzyme which contributes to whitening your dog’s teeth. They should also be given in small quantities since they contain a high level of sugar.
Watermelon flesh is safe for dogs, just remove the rind and seeds first before giving this fruit to your dog. Watermelon is full of vitamins A, B6, and C, as well as potassium. And since watermelon is 92 percent water, is is a great way to help keep your dog hydrated in the summer.
Fruits dogs can not eat :
Although avocado is a great snack for humans, it should be completely avoided for dogs. The pit, skin and leaves of avocados contain persin, which is a toxin that causes vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. The fleshy part of the fruit contains less amounts of persin as compared to the rest of the plant, but it the quantity is still too much for dogs to handle.
Since cherry plants contain cyanide, which is toxic for dogs, cherries should not be given to your dog. Cyanide disrupts cellular oxygen transport, which means that your dog’s blood cells will not get enough oxygen. Some symptoms of cyanide poisoning in dogs are diluted pupils, difficulty breathing, and red gums.
Grapes and raisins (dried grapes) should be avoided at all costs since they can be very toxic for your dog no matter the breed, sex, or age. This is a dangerous fruit for dogs and can even lead to acute sudden kidney failure. It is still unknown until today why this fruit is toxic to dogs.
Although the ripened fruit of the tomato plant is considered as safe for dogs, our furry friends should avoid tomatoes altogether because of the green parts of the plant, which contain a toxin called solanine. If consumed in great quantities, tomatoes can make our dogs sick, so it’s better to skip tomatoes altogether just to be safe.
Now that you know which fruits to give your dog and which to avoid at all costs, you can be creative and replace store-bought dog treats with these healthy sweet treats, whether they are in dried form, freshly chopped up, or frozen. The key here is moderation, especially for very sweet fruits. And always give your fur baby fresh fruits and avoid canned ones, since they are high in sugar syrup.
What are your thoughts? What’s your dog’s favorite fruit snack? Comment below!
Check out our other articles to learn more about your dog by clicking here.
Check out our dog clothes and accessories by clicking here.